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苹果商店遭遇恶意软件攻击

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2019年11月05日

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苹果商店遭遇恶意软件攻击

美国当地时间9月20日,苹果公司首次确认有黑客对App Store发起大规模攻击,目前正在清理应用商店中的恶意App,漏洞原因则是“开发者基于非信任渠道发布的工具开发的App有可能对用户安全造成威胁。”

测试中可能遇到的词汇和知识:

incursion 入侵

swath 草条

malware 恶意软件

counterfeit 假冒

black eye 耻辱

vulnerabilities 漏洞

Apple hit by rare malware attack in China(402words)

By Richard Waters in San Francisco

Apple has owned up to a rare incursion of malicious software into its App Store,forcing it to pull some of the most widely used mobile apps in China from the service.

Late on Sunday in California,the iPhone and iPad maker confirmed reports by security researchers who had warned that a swath of popular Chinese apps had been created using developer tools that were infected with the malware,resulting in the compromised apps. “Hundreds of millions” of users of the popular Chinese apps were at risk of having their personal data exposed,including people who use Tencent's WeChat mobile messaging service and ride-hailing app Didi Kuaidi,according to Palo Alto Networks,a US cyber security company.

Apple said it had removed the infected apps,which had been created with what it said was a fake version of its software for app developers,known as Xcode.

It did not explain how developers of a large number of China's most widely used mobile services had all been infected with the same piece of malware,or how the infected apps that resulted had got through its security screening for the App Store.

“To protect our customers,we've removed the apps from the App Store that we know have been created with this counterfeit software and we are working with the developers to make sure they're using the proper version of Xcode to rebuild their apps,” Apple said.

The admission is a black eye for the US company,which has made much of its superior security record in mobile apps compared with that of Google. Tim Cook,Apple's chief executive,last year criticised Google for what he claimed were insecure apps,quoting a report that criticised the search company's Android Play store as a “toxic hellstew of vulnerabilities”.

Palo Alto Networks said in a blog post on Friday that it had found 39 apps in Apple's App Store that had been created with the infected developer software,which has been dubbed XcodeGhost. Along with WeChat and Didi Kuaidi,the compromised apps include ones for games,banking,stock trading,maps,social networks and mobile phone services,it added.

Tencent said in a statement on social networking service Sina Weibo that it had replaced the compromised version of its app. It also said that users had not lost personal information or other property because of the infection.Additional reporting by Gloria Cheung in Hong Kong

1.Which country's widely used mobile apps were forced to pull?

A.China

B.America

C.Britain

D.Italy

[1] 答案

2.What risks to users of the popular Chinese apps?

A.photos are deleted

B.fraudulent credit card

C.personal data exposed

D.implant advertising

[2] 答案

3.How the infected apps that resulted had got through its security screening for the App Store?

A.bribing manager

B.exploiting vulnerability

C.not mentioned

D.official permission

[3] 答案

4.Who criticised Google's insecure apps last year?

A.Apple's COO

B.Apple's CEO

C.Apple's CQO

D.Apple's CTO

[4] 答案

[1]答案:A.China

解释:由于苹果应用商店遭遇攻击,迫使它撤下了一些在中国被广为使用的移动应用。

[2]答案:C.personal data exposed

解释:一些热门中国应用的“数亿”用户的个人数据可能被泄露。

[3]答案:C.not mentioned

解释:苹果没有透露被感染的应用是如何通过苹果应用商店的安全审查的。

[4]答案:B.Apple's CEO

解释:倒数第三段,COO -chief operation officer首席运营官; CQO-chief quality officer 首席质量官;CTO- chief technology officer首席技术官。

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